Quebec Studies

Postmaterialism and the Crisis of Parties in Quebec: Party Workers between New Social Movement Activists and Party Supporters

Quebec Studies (1997), 24, (1), 74–93.

Abstract

La crise des partis politiques peut être reliée à différents facteurs, en particulier à l'émergence de nouvelles valeurs comme le postmatérialisme. Selon certains, les partis, contrairement aux nouveaux mouvements sociaux, n'auraient pas répondu adéquatement aux changements associés à ces nouvelles valeurs. Pour vérifier une telle hypothèse dans le cas du Québec, nous avons cherché à répondre aux deux questions suivantes: les militants des deux principaux partis au Québec (PQ et PLQ) partagent-ils les mêmes valeurs que ceux de deux grands mouvements sociaux (mouvement de femmes et mouvement écologiste)? Les valeurs postmatérialistes sont-elles davantage présentes dans l'électorat québécois que chez les militants des partis? Les réponses à ces deux questions nous permettent de nauncer davantage la thèse du déclin des partis, du moins au Québec. Sur une échelle de valeurs matérialistes-postmatérialistes, le PQ se situe plus près des nouveaux mouvements sociaux et le PLQ plus près de son électorat. Surtout, on assiste à une superposition des valeurs plutôt qu'au remplacement des anciennes valeurs par des nouvelles.

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Pelletier, Réjean