Quebec Studies

The Legal Geography of Water Exports: A Case Study of the Transboundary Municipal Water Supplies Between Stanstead (Québec) and Derby Line (Vermont)

Quebec Studies (2006), 42, (1), 91–110.

Abstract

Au cours des dernières années, les gouvernements fédéral et provinciaux ont adopté des mesures législatives afin de restreindre et d'empêcher l'exportation d'eau à l'extérieur du Canada en réponse aux protestations formulées par la société civile et les milieux académiques. Bien que la littérature scientifique portant sur ce thème soit volumineuse, aucun article n'a jusqu'à ce jour abordé les approvisionnements transfrontaliers entre municipalités situées le long de la frontière canado-américaine. L'objectif premier de la recherche est de mettre en valeur l'un de ces échanges à partir d'une étude de cas de la dyade Stanstead (Québec) et Derby Line (Vermont). L'article débute avec une revue de la littérature portant sur l'interface géo-légale, suivi d'un survol du contexte socio-politique dans lequel s'insère ces échanges transfrontaliers. L'analyse porte ensuite sur les stratégies géo-légales mises en place par ces communautés en ce qui a trait au partage de la ressource hydrique. En conclusion, il est souligné que la mise en place de politiques publiques visant la restriction ou l'interdiction de l'exportation d'eau en vrac se doit de prendre en considération les besoins des communautés frontalières.

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Forest, Patrick