Quebec Studies

Les flux migratoires à la frontière québéco-américaine

Quebec Studies (2017), 64, (1), 141–156.

Abstract

Cet article examine l’histoire de la frontière qui sépare le Québec des quatre États du Nord-Est pour expliquer comment l’Entente sur les tiers pays sûrs signée en 2002 et les décrets en matière d’immigration promulgués par Trump en 2017 ont influé sur les flux migratoires. Tandis que la Révolution américaine, l’esclavage, la Prohibition, et la Guerre du Vietnam ont poussé des migrations vers le Nord, le mouvement vers le Sud l’a plutôt été pour des raisons économiques. Depuis l’élection de Donald Trump, il y a maintenant une augmentation importante du nombre de réfugiés avec ou sans papiers originaires d’Afrique, d’Haïti, et du Moyen-Orient, qui traversent la frontière poreuse séparant le Québec particulièrement à la hauteur du Rang Roxham, au nord de Plattsburgh, New York. Cette internationalisation des migrations frontalières souligne les différences croissantes entre les politiques d’immigration du Canada et des États-Unis.

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Author details

Bourgeon, Mathilde

D’Aragon-Giguère, Thalia

Vallet, Élisabeth