Quebec Studies

Right Next Door: Québec and the 2014 Electoral Marketplaces of Ideas in New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine

Quebec Studies (2016), 61, (1), 77–110.

Abstract

Right Next Door: Québec and the 2014 Electoral Marketplaces of Ideas in New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine Frédérick Gagnon Université du Québec à Montréal Right Next Door: Québec and the 2014 Elections Plusieurs chercheurs ont étudié les relations entre le Québec et les États-Unis, mais peu ont analysé comment le Québec influence les élections américaines. Étudiant les élections américaines de 2014, cet article évalue l’impact du Québec sur treize courses pour des postes de représentants, sénateurs, et gouverneurs qui ont eu lieu dans les quatre États avec lesquels le Québec partage une frontière terrestre. S’appuyant sur diverses données qualitatives (entrevues semi-structurées avec des conseillers et opérateurs de campagnes électorales, analyse de contenu d’articles de journaux et de reportages de médias locaux couvrant les élections, et analyse de contenu de débats électoraux télévisés), cet article répond à la question suivante: de quelle manière le Québec a-t-il influencé les priorités des électeurs, la mobilisation des groupes d’intérêts, la couverture médiatique des élections, ainsi que les stratégies des candidats participant à ces élections? Notre principale conclusion est que la littérature sur les relations entre le Québec et les États-Unis tend à sous-estimer l’impact du Québec sur les débats politiques aux États-Unis. Le Québec n’était pas une priorité – voire un enjeu – dans la plupart des élections se déroulant aux États-Unis en 2014. Cela dit, il a suscité de vives discussions dans l’État de New York, au Vermont, au New Hampshire, et au Maine, où les liens étroits avec “La Belle Province” ont placé certaines questions reliées au Québec au centre des priorités des électeurs, groupes d’intérêts, médias, et candidats. Numerous scholars have documented Québec-U.S. ties, but few have studied the electoral connection between Québec and the United States and, more particularly, how Québec affects U.S. electoral debates. Studying the 2014 U.S. elections, this article evaluates the impact of Québec on 13 congressional, senatorial, and gubernatorial races that took place in the four states with which Québec shares a land border. Building on various qualitative data (semi-structured interviews with campaign staffs, content analysis of local newspaper and television election coverage, and content analysis of televised electoral debates), this article answers the following question: how did Québec Québec Studies, 61 doi:10.3828/qs.2016.6

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Gagnon, Frédérick