Since the 1960s there has been a shift in Australian labour historiography away from labour institutions towards the study of workers and their everyday lives. Despite this, only recently has there been a focus on the spatial dimensions of working class experience. An interest in community or locality, however, does not mean that labour historians are no longer interested in labour institutions such as trade unions and political parties. Indeed community or locality studies may provide further insights into working class mobilisation. While community studies have been criticised for ‘dismembering’ their subject matter from the broader society, it is agreed that the external environment does have an impact and should be incorporated into any community study. The explanatory power of community or locality study can also be increased by bringing together a number of case studies.