Labour History: A Journal of Labour and Social History

Between Scylla and Charybdis: END and Its Attempt to Overcome the Bipolar World Order in the 1980s

Labour History: A Journal of Labour and Social History (2016), 111, (1), 11–25.

Abstract

This article deals with European Nuclear Disarmament’s (END) difficult positioning in the Cold War of the 1980s. Its vision was for a humanistic socialism from below that would be capable of breaking up the Cold War and unite a divided Europe that in turn could act as a possible “third way” between the liberal capitalism of the USA and the orthodox Communism of the Soviet Union. However, it proved difficult to build these alliances across the Cold War divide without talking, at the same time, to representatives of the “official” peace movements of the Communist states. END found itself between the Scylla of having no dialogue at all with Eastern Europe or the Charybdis of having a dialogue also with the Communist regimes which was seen sceptically by the dissidents. The article traces the difficulties of END of building humanistic socialist alliances for peace from below with special reference to END’s Working Group on Germany.

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Footnotes

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59.Oestreicher, interview. Google Scholar

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61.There he had extensive contacts with dissident peace activists, under the watchful eye of the Stasi. See Information zur Durchdringung der britischen Kampagne für Nukleare Abrüstung (CND) von Führungskräften der END, 25 November1985, 216, file 854, series HA XX, Stasi Archive. Google Scholar

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66.Information von VIC ALLEN, Soziologie Professor an der Universität Leeds, 1 February1985, 3, file AKG II, series HA XX, Stasi Archive. Google Scholar

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Author details

Berger, Stefan

LaPorte, Norman