-6Word went round that the jury had retired.
Tension mounted in the square.
Hopes and fears for their champions rose and fell as the hours passed â€¢ â€¢ â€¢ At
last came a dull roar from inside the building;
a window opened - a head was
Then, we are told, pandemonium broke out: the
cheers were frantic; strangers grasped hands, kisses were exchanged; and calls
for Tom Hardy came from every part of the Green. Hardy, freed, spoke from the
In the course of the trial Erskine exposed the employment by the government
of informers and provocatGUTswroving how one, in particular, Robert Watt, had
worked under the orders of the Home Secretary.
The miserable man was repudiated
by his masters, prosecuted, and to ensure his silence, hanged.
When, a few weeks later, George III drove to the House of Lords to open
Parliament, the royal procession was greeted by hoots, hiss6s and groans from
more than 200,000 people.
Shouts and placards from every side demanded: "Give
us peace and bread!", "Down with Pitt!", "No War!", "Down with George!".
Stones were thrown, one crashing through the window of the royal carriage and
narrowly missing the royal head.
The return journey was met with even fiercer
demonstrations: the hostile noise was deafening.
The Bank suspended payment.
The renewed repression that followed these events belongs to another story.
But in the valiant history of the forerunners of the Chartist and Socialist
movements, this day of November 5th 1794 is one of the bright pages, and
Clerkenwell Green the proud scene of it, as of so many other battles of the
Volume 5 of the "Pa.r.lphlets on Socialism" which we began to describB in the
last issue of this Bulletin, and which Ca.r.le from the library of Albert Inkpin,
begins with a number of pre-1914 publications of the old Socialist Labour Press.
Many of them are pamphlets by Daniel De Leon - whose classic phrase, "labour
lieutenants of the capitalist class", Lenin in 1920 called "splendid and profoundly
Such are Two Pages from Roman History, Marx on MalJ.,Qck, Reform or
Revolution, The Preamble of the I.W.W., What Menns This Strike? and The Burning
uestion of Trade Unionism.
There is also a famous pamphlet by Eugene V.Debs,
Industrial Unionism 1905 and Socialism, by W.S.McClure (1906).
Other once well-known pamphlets reflect the effortÂ· of the Socialists half
a century ago to turn the eyes of the workers away from the Tweedled~~-Tweedledee
"struggle" then being waged by the Liberals and Tories.
Among these are
100 Pills for Tariff Reformers, Lloyd George and Unemployment Insurance (pUblished
by the London and District Right to Work Committee, a forerunner of the great
unemployed organisation after the first world war), The Remedy for Unemployment
by the world-famous scientist and Socialist Alfred Russell Wallace, O.M., and
R.B.Suthers, 100 Points For Socialism. The last two were published by the
Utopia Press, 44 Worship Street, in later years printers of the Workers Weekly.