- 12 REPORT BY A COURT OF INQUIRY CONCERNING WAGES POSITION IN THE COAL MINING
INDUSTRY, 1924 (Buckmaster).
REPORT OF THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE COAL INDUSTRY (Samuel), 1926.
Are many also and provide a valuable source of reference,
H.M.s.o. and Longmans, London, 1951.
There are books of reference, such as:
COLLIERY YEAR BOOK and COAL TRADES DIRECTORY.
Louis Cassier & Co. Ltd.
The material not yet fully explored for many more books on tho minors'
struggle exists in the two-and-a-half centuries of British newspapers: and
material could be found if people would only go painstakingly through it.
Robin Page Arnot
(with the assistance of
Beulah Walker and Hywel Francis)
* * * * * â€¢ â€¢ * * * â€¢ * â€¢ *
RAILWAY SERVANTS - RAILWAY MEN
Tho railways of Britain have been the focus of much attention of late,
and their history repays study, for the light it throws on the workings of
British capitalism, in itsyouth, growth and decline, and the changing attitude
of railway workers to the vital service they perform.
The railway industry,
as such, developed relatively late- only in tho 1830's.
Earlier, the products
of the factories, the raw materials and fuel for their production and the food
for their growing populations had been transported by road or inland waterway
or coastal steamer.
Already in 1693, however, when tho "Revolutionary
Parliament" of merchants, bankers and landed gentry took away mineral royalty
rights from the Crown and gave them to the lord of the manor, landowners whose
acres contained coal began to make wagon-ways from pits to rivers, canals and
The discovery in the 1780's of how to make malleable iron rails, and
the improvement effected by Stephenson, in the first quarter of tho 19th century,
on previous experiments in steam locomotive construction, fairly launched the
now means of transport - at first almost exclusively in tho coalfields and the
property of the colliery owner, but soon, by virtue of its speed and load
capacity, taking on wider dimensions.
The promotion of railway cocpanies
These new scions of private enterprise fought and overcame (or bribed or
bought out) some of the hostile hunting squires, stately homo owners and canal
companies; persuaded others to take up shares in the railways; waged ferocious
battles (at staggering cost) against each other in Parliament for legal sanction
to open lines; and astheir profits increased, became attractive fields of