Hi!'1 Brooks, C'hrl,s Hruncl. Monty JOhll~lUII':. Ian Mordant. Uu,rdull
SJha,lfer and John Stratford were elected to tilrl the six vacancies whi,ch
existed on the Cornrrrittec.
o! the Report tll '.h~ I"Url~ -hlLh Annual venera I Mceung and ul
the Statement of Accounts may be obtained on request to the Secretarv ,
M M I 37a Clerk en well Green. London EC I nDU.
The foUow,ing documents. pointed ina collection produced jointly
by the two Institutes of Marxism-Lendnism (,in tlhe USSR and the GDR).
throw an interesting light on the pre-history of the Communist League
-the organisation for whilch Marx and Engels produced the;,r h;:stOl~ic
"Manifesto of the Communist Party" in February 1848. The German
Workers' Educationai Society referred to was founded in London in
1840 by refugees f'DOin1 iperseoution 15011' 1Jhe':~r revolutionaey activity in
Germany and France dn tlhe 1830'\s--Kia,111 Schapper, a former student
a,n!d compositor : Heinoich Bauer, a shoemaker : and Joseph Mo,~I. a
watchmaker, with other workers whom they recruited. More about
the Society can be round in Engels' History of the Communist League,
Wlhl!:Cih is printed in Marx and Engels' Selected Works. Within the
Society the three members mentioned propagated the ideas of Communism. and maintained contact with theIJr syrnpathisers abroad. who
included Marx and Engels. Moreover. in Engjand they he.llped in t!:1C
c9taib1iisihment of the "Fraterned Democrats"--,Ieft-wling Chartists led
by Ju'lian Harney and Ernest Jones (for whom readers may usefully
consult Ernest Jones, Chartist by John Saville. which we have j,n the
Libraoy, 'and A. R. Schoyen, The Chartist Challenge, which we have
not). Both Mla,rx and Engeds wrote more than once that it was the
work which their supporters dliidin the G.W.E.S. that made it possible to
hold the two Congresses of the Communist League in London (June 'and
November. 1847). thlUs leading to the production of the Manifesto.
Sohapper's letter to Marx gives a vivid picture of the practice! work
of the Societyjn humble conditions. of the broad educational work of
its leaders. and at the same time of theilr deep feeling 0,1' working-class