Bulletin of the Marx Memorial Library

ENGELS REVISITED: NEW FEMINIST ESSAYS

Bulletin of the Marx Memorial Library (1987), 109, (1), 21–22.

Abstract

REVIEW: ENGELS REVISITED: NEW FEMINIST ESSAYS. Edited by Janet Sayers. Mary Evans and Nanneke RedclifL (Tavistock Publications 1987. Price: £7.95) It is very interesting that Engels's The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State is taken so seriously by the feminist movement that a conference was held to commemorate the centenary of its publication in 1884. The seven essays are written from differing points of view. psychology. anthropology, economics and politics, social and economic history and sociology. They cover a wide spectrum of academic study and offer an insight into current thinking in each field. One or two are written in such obscure jargon that they are only accessible to a fellow expert. but the majority are readable and cogent, even when controversial. In the introduction. the editors point out that. although written in three months partly in reply to Bebel's Woman In The Past, Present and Future, the Origin immediately became part of the accepted socialist reading list and has "always been regarded as an important contribution to Marxist theory." However, they accept that there has frequently been criticism and reservation about the implications of the analysis particularly in the way that Engels made monogamy the central pivot with participation in production the means to emancipation. Several of the essays discuss this contentious issue and. although there are arguments -against accepting it. there are no alternatives offered. Possibly the most interesting essay is the fmal one which looks at the position of women in today's China. where the policy of one child to a family has led to a number of female babies being killed. Delia Davin looks at the implications for women of the reversion to family based production in which the male is considered the head of the unit. She comments that collectivisation did not transform the peasant family as much as had been hoped. Although the worst abuses of women were removed and women were able to exercise their rights to education, property. divorce and custody of children. they were not able to make an inroad into the influential political and managerial jobs. She makes the point that. as long as the State recognises the male as head of the family. women remain in a position of subordination. These essays are most interesting and well worth reading. They offer an insight both into the positive aspects of analysis of the classic Marxist texts with a view to using them to develop theory and into the negative aspects which seek to undermine the authority of Marx and Engels by nit-picking. 21

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, Edmund

Frow, Ruth