Journal of Romance Studies

Returning to rurality

Queering rural spaces in Galician literature

Journal of Romance Studies (2020), 20, (3), 513–535.

Abstract

In recent years, LGBTQ literature, culture, and communities have begun returning to the rural as a space from which to articulate a queer Galician identity. Drawing on rural queer studies, literature, and cultural phenomena, this article seeks to understand both how the rural became associated with heteropatriarchy and how contemporary non-metronormative LGBTQ narratives reimagine rural space as a site of resistance, redirecting the cultural shift away from the urban that has characterized contemporary Galician society and culture during the last century. Under consideration is a wide range of literature, art, cultural events, and ephemera from the Rexurdimento to the present day.

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Works cited

Anderson, Neil D. (2015) ‘To be or not: The rural village in post-rural times’, Galicia21 F: 60-76. Google Scholar

Ares-López, Daniel (2017) ‘Cultures of nature in mid-twentieth-century Galicia’, in Rerouting Galician Studies: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Benita Sampedro and José Antonio Losada (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), 57-71. Google Scholar

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Bell, David (2010) ‘Queernaturecultures’, in Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics Desire, ed. Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands and Bruce Erickson (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 134-145. Google Scholar

Buxán Bran, Xosé M. (2005) Radicais libres: experiencias gays e lésbicas na arte peninsular (Santiago de Compostela: Concello de Santiago). Google Scholar

Colmeiro, José (2017) Peripheral Visions/Global Sounds: From Galicia to the World (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press). Google Scholar

DePalma, Renée, and Antía Pérez-Caramés (eds) (2018) Galician Migrations: A Case Study of Emerging Super-Diversity (Cham, Switzerland: Springer). Google Scholar

Dopico, Montse (2017) ‘Carlos Lixó’, Praza pública, 30 December, http://praza.gal/cultura/15695/carlos-lixo-leu-acredito-contra-os-topicos-que-e-posibel-que-a-cidade-sexa-un-territorio-mais-represivo-que-a-aldear (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

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Ferreras Savoye, Daniel (2009) ‘Homosexual desire and gender bending in Pardo Bazán’s Los pazos de Ulloa’, La Tribuna 7: 261-276. Google Scholar

Galiza nación cuir 3 (2017), https://pt.calameo.com/read/0047925661295231fb0fa (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

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Gray, Mary L. (2009) Out in the Country: Youth, Media, and Queer Visibility in Rural America (New York: NYU Press). Google Scholar

Gray, Mary L., Colin R. Johnson, and Brian J. Gilley (eds) (2016) Queering the Countryside: New Frontiers in Rural Queer Studies (New York: NYU Press). Google Scholar

Halberstam, Judith (2005) In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives (New York: NYU Press). Google Scholar

Hooper, Kirsty (2011) Writing Galicia into the World: New Cartographies, New Poetics (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press). Google Scholar

Ingram, Gordon Brent (1994) ‘Lost landscapes and the spatial contextualization of queerness’, Undercurrents: Critical Environmental Studies: 4-9. Google Scholar

Ingram, Gordon Brent (1997) ‘Marginality and the landscapes of erotic alien(n) ations’, in Queers in Space: Communities, Public Spaces, Sites of Resistance, ed. Gordon Brent Ingram, Anne-Marie Bouthillette, and Yolanda Retter (Seattle: Bay Press), 27-52. Google Scholar

Ingram, Gordon Brent (2010) ‘Fragments, edges, and matrices: Retheorizing the formation of a so-called gay ghetto through queering landscape ecology’, in Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics Desire, ed. Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands and Bruce Erickson (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 254-282. Google Scholar

Instituto Galego de Estatística (2017) ‘Panorama rural-urbano’, https://www.ige.eu/web/mostrar_seccion.jsp?idioma=gl&codigo=0701 (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

Lixó, Carlos (2018) As Casas (A Coruña: Espiral Maior). Google Scholar

López Saavedra, Ildefonso (2003) ‘A cruz do carballo’, in Narradores ocasionais do século XIX: relato breve, ed. Modesto Hermida (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 204-206. Google Scholar

López Sández, María (2009) ‘Rosalía e a paisaxe galega’, in Rosalía 21, ed. Anxo Angueira (Vigo: Xerais), 25-35. Google Scholar

Lopo, Antón (2001) Ganga (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Manalansan IV, Martin F. (2003) Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in Diaspora (Durham NC: Duke University Press). Google Scholar

Manalansan IV, Martin F. (2006) ‘Queer intersections: Sexuality and gender in migration studies’, The International Migration Review 40.1: 224-249. Google Scholar

McGovern, Timothy (2011) ‘Camping up the nation: Antón Lopo’s Ganga and the queering of Iberia’, in Contemporary Galician Cultural Studies: Between the Local and the Global, ed. Kirsty Hooper and Manuel Puga Moruxa (New York: MLA), 166-181. Google Scholar

Mejuto, Eva (2017) 22 segundos (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Miranda-Barreiro, David (2017) ‘Galician identity in motion’, Galicia21 G: 3-5. Google Scholar

Moíño de Landrove, Hipólita (2003) ‘Contos da terriña’, in Narradores ocasionais do século XIX: relato breve, ed. Modesto Hermida (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 236-237. Google Scholar

Mortimer-Sandilands, Catriona (2008) ‘Queering ecocultural studies’, Cultural Studies 22.3-4: 455-476. Google Scholar

Mortimer-Sandilands, Catriona, and Bruce Erickson (eds) (2010) ‘Introduction: A genealogy of queer ecologies’, in Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics, Desire (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 1-47. Google Scholar

Otero Paradela, Ana Belén, María Elisa Alén González, and Trinidad Domínguez Vila (2014) ‘Turismo LGTB. Una aproximación al caso de Galicia’, Revista galega de economía 23.1: 79-98. Google Scholar

Otero Varela, Inma (2017) ‘Que foi das mulleres da terra e do mar na literatura galega contemporánea?’, Boletín galego de literatura 50.1: 25-42. Google Scholar

Pereiro, Xerardo, and Santiago Prado (2013) ‘Cross-cultural perceptions and discourses between rural and urban in Galicia’, in Shaping Rural Areas in Europe: Perceptions and Outcomes on the Present and the Future, ed. Luís Silva and Elisabete Figueiredo (Dordrecht: Springer), 227-245. Google Scholar

Pérez Placer, Heraclio (2003a) ‘O Puzo da Sila’, in Contos, leendas e tradiciós. Obra narrativa en galego de Heraclio Pérez Placer, ed. María Isabel Soto López (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 203-211. Google Scholar

Pérez Placer, Heraclio (2003b) ‘O Puzo do Inferno’, in Contos, leendas e tradiciós. Obra narrativa en galego de Heraclio Pérez Placer, ed. María Isabel Soto López (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 213-219. Google Scholar

Queipo, Xavier (2016) Os kowa (Vigo: Galaxia). Google Scholar

Queizán, María Xosé (1988) A semellanza (Santiago de Compostela: Sotelo Blanco). Google Scholar

Rábade Villar, María do Cebreiro (2010) ‘The concept of resistance in contemporary Galician culture: Towards a poetic ecology’, Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 6.2: 82-92. Google Scholar

Regueira, Mario (2007) L’affiche rouge (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Regueira, Mario (2008) ‘Por unha literatura maronda’, Escrita contemporánea G: 146-150. Google Scholar

Regueira, Mario (2012) Outono aquí (Santiago de Compostela: Sotelo Blanco). Google Scholar

Reimóndez, María (2012) En vías de extinción (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Reimóndez, María (2015) A música dos seres vivos (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Reimóndez, María (2018) Fóra do normal (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Rodríguez, Salvador (2008) ‘Tocando pelotas: 25 años de nudismo radical gallego’, Estela: Revista dominical de Faro de Vigo, 17 August: 1-4. Google Scholar

Rodríguez Rodríguez, Marisol (2011) ‘A busca da identidade: A relación entre sexo e xénero n’A semellanza de María Xosé Queizán’ Galicia21 C: 60-77. Google Scholar

Romero, Eugenia (2012) Contemporary Galician Culture in a Global Context: Movable Identities (Plymouth: Lexington Books). Google Scholar

Schweighofer, Katherine (2016) ‘Rethinking the closet: Queer Life in rural geographies’, in Queering the Countryside: New Frontiers in Rural Queer Studies, ed. Mary L. Gray, Colin R. Johnson, and Brian J. Gilley (New York: NYU Press), 223-243. Google Scholar

Sindicato Labrego Galego (2017) ‘O SLG sae do armario’, Fouce: periódico labrego de información técnica e syndical 316: 8-13, http://www.sindicatolabrego.com/index.php?s=18 (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

Anderson, Neil D. (2015) ‘To be or not: The rural village in post-rural times’, Galicia21 F: 60-76. Google Scholar

Ares-López, Daniel (2017) ‘Cultures of nature in mid-twentieth-century Galicia’, in Rerouting Galician Studies: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Benita Sampedro and José Antonio Losada (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), 57-71. Google Scholar

Barreto, Danny M. (2017) ‘Putting queerness on the map: Notes for a queer Galician studies’, in Rerouting Galician Studies: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Benita Sampedro and José Antonio Losada (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), 25-38. Google Scholar

Bell, David (2000) ‘Eroticizing the rural’, in De-centering Sexualities: Politics and Representations beyond the Metropolis, ed. Richard Phillips, Diane Watt, and David Shuttleton (London: Routledge), 81-98. Google Scholar

Bell, David (2010) ‘Queernaturecultures’, in Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics Desire, ed. Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands and Bruce Erickson (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 134-145. Google Scholar

Buxán Bran, Xosé M. (2005) Radicais libres: experiencias gays e lésbicas na arte peninsular (Santiago de Compostela: Concello de Santiago). Google Scholar

Colmeiro, José (2017) Peripheral Visions/Global Sounds: From Galicia to the World (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press). Google Scholar

DePalma, Renée, and Antía Pérez-Caramés (eds) (2018) Galician Migrations: A Case Study of Emerging Super-Diversity (Cham, Switzerland: Springer). Google Scholar

Dopico, Montse (2017) ‘Carlos Lixó’, Praza pública, 30 December, http://praza.gal/cultura/15695/carlos-lixo-leu-acredito-contra-os-topicos-que-e-posibel-que-a-cidade-sexa-un-territorio-mais-represivo-que-a-aldear (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

Duggan, Lisa (2002) ‘The new homonormativity: The sexual politics of neoliberalism’, in Materializing Democracy: Toward a Revitalized Cultural Politics, ed. Russ Castronovo and Dana D. Nelson (Durham: Duke University Press), 175-194. Google Scholar

Ferreras Savoye, Daniel (2009) ‘Homosexual desire and gender bending in Pardo Bazán’s Los pazos de Ulloa’, La Tribuna 7: 261-276. Google Scholar

Galiza nación cuir 3 (2017), https://pt.calameo.com/read/0047925661295231fb0fa (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

Gómez Lorenzo, Laura, and Nanina Santos Castroviejo (2017) ‘Entrevista a Marta Álvarez e Braulio Vilariño. Membros da Asociación Agrocuir, organizadora do Festival Agrocuir’, Andaina: Revista galega de pensamento feminista 68: 28-33. Google Scholar

Gray, Mary L. (2009) Out in the Country: Youth, Media, and Queer Visibility in Rural America (New York: NYU Press). Google Scholar

Gray, Mary L., Colin R. Johnson, and Brian J. Gilley (eds) (2016) Queering the Countryside: New Frontiers in Rural Queer Studies (New York: NYU Press). Google Scholar

Halberstam, Judith (2005) In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives (New York: NYU Press). Google Scholar

Hooper, Kirsty (2011) Writing Galicia into the World: New Cartographies, New Poetics (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press). Google Scholar

Ingram, Gordon Brent (1994) ‘Lost landscapes and the spatial contextualization of queerness’, Undercurrents: Critical Environmental Studies: 4-9. Google Scholar

Ingram, Gordon Brent (1997) ‘Marginality and the landscapes of erotic alien(n) ations’, in Queers in Space: Communities, Public Spaces, Sites of Resistance, ed. Gordon Brent Ingram, Anne-Marie Bouthillette, and Yolanda Retter (Seattle: Bay Press), 27-52. Google Scholar

Ingram, Gordon Brent (2010) ‘Fragments, edges, and matrices: Retheorizing the formation of a so-called gay ghetto through queering landscape ecology’, in Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics Desire, ed. Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands and Bruce Erickson (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 254-282. Google Scholar

Instituto Galego de Estatística (2017) ‘Panorama rural-urbano’, https://www.ige.eu/web/mostrar_seccion.jsp?idioma=gl&codigo=0701 (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

Lixó, Carlos (2018) As Casas (A Coruña: Espiral Maior). Google Scholar

López Saavedra, Ildefonso (2003) ‘A cruz do carballo’, in Narradores ocasionais do século XIX: relato breve, ed. Modesto Hermida (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 204-206. Google Scholar

López Sández, María (2009) ‘Rosalía e a paisaxe galega’, in Rosalía 21, ed. Anxo Angueira (Vigo: Xerais), 25-35. Google Scholar

Lopo, Antón (2001) Ganga (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Manalansan IV, Martin F. (2003) Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in Diaspora (Durham NC: Duke University Press). Google Scholar

Manalansan IV, Martin F. (2006) ‘Queer intersections: Sexuality and gender in migration studies’, The International Migration Review 40.1: 224-249. Google Scholar

McGovern, Timothy (2011) ‘Camping up the nation: Antón Lopo’s Ganga and the queering of Iberia’, in Contemporary Galician Cultural Studies: Between the Local and the Global, ed. Kirsty Hooper and Manuel Puga Moruxa (New York: MLA), 166-181. Google Scholar

Mejuto, Eva (2017) 22 segundos (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Miranda-Barreiro, David (2017) ‘Galician identity in motion’, Galicia21 G: 3-5. Google Scholar

Moíño de Landrove, Hipólita (2003) ‘Contos da terriña’, in Narradores ocasionais do século XIX: relato breve, ed. Modesto Hermida (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 236-237. Google Scholar

Mortimer-Sandilands, Catriona (2008) ‘Queering ecocultural studies’, Cultural Studies 22.3-4: 455-476. Google Scholar

Mortimer-Sandilands, Catriona, and Bruce Erickson (eds) (2010) ‘Introduction: A genealogy of queer ecologies’, in Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics, Desire (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 1-47. Google Scholar

Otero Paradela, Ana Belén, María Elisa Alén González, and Trinidad Domínguez Vila (2014) ‘Turismo LGTB. Una aproximación al caso de Galicia’, Revista galega de economía 23.1: 79-98. Google Scholar

Otero Varela, Inma (2017) ‘Que foi das mulleres da terra e do mar na literatura galega contemporánea?’, Boletín galego de literatura 50.1: 25-42. Google Scholar

Pereiro, Xerardo, and Santiago Prado (2013) ‘Cross-cultural perceptions and discourses between rural and urban in Galicia’, in Shaping Rural Areas in Europe: Perceptions and Outcomes on the Present and the Future, ed. Luís Silva and Elisabete Figueiredo (Dordrecht: Springer), 227-245. Google Scholar

Pérez Placer, Heraclio (2003a) ‘O Puzo da Sila’, in Contos, leendas e tradiciós. Obra narrativa en galego de Heraclio Pérez Placer, ed. María Isabel Soto López (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 203-211. Google Scholar

Pérez Placer, Heraclio (2003b) ‘O Puzo do Inferno’, in Contos, leendas e tradiciós. Obra narrativa en galego de Heraclio Pérez Placer, ed. María Isabel Soto López (Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades), 213-219. Google Scholar

Queipo, Xavier (2016) Os kowa (Vigo: Galaxia). Google Scholar

Queizán, María Xosé (1988) A semellanza (Santiago de Compostela: Sotelo Blanco). Google Scholar

Rábade Villar, María do Cebreiro (2010) ‘The concept of resistance in contemporary Galician culture: Towards a poetic ecology’, Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 6.2: 82-92. Google Scholar

Regueira, Mario (2007) L’affiche rouge (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Regueira, Mario (2008) ‘Por unha literatura maronda’, Escrita contemporánea G: 146-150. Google Scholar

Regueira, Mario (2012) Outono aquí (Santiago de Compostela: Sotelo Blanco). Google Scholar

Reimóndez, María (2012) En vías de extinción (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Reimóndez, María (2015) A música dos seres vivos (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Reimóndez, María (2018) Fóra do normal (Vigo: Xerais). Google Scholar

Rodríguez, Salvador (2008) ‘Tocando pelotas: 25 años de nudismo radical gallego’, Estela: Revista dominical de Faro de Vigo, 17 August: 1-4. Google Scholar

Rodríguez Rodríguez, Marisol (2011) ‘A busca da identidade: A relación entre sexo e xénero n’A semellanza de María Xosé Queizán’ Galicia21 C: 60-77. Google Scholar

Romero, Eugenia (2012) Contemporary Galician Culture in a Global Context: Movable Identities (Plymouth: Lexington Books). Google Scholar

Schweighofer, Katherine (2016) ‘Rethinking the closet: Queer Life in rural geographies’, in Queering the Countryside: New Frontiers in Rural Queer Studies, ed. Mary L. Gray, Colin R. Johnson, and Brian J. Gilley (New York: NYU Press), 223-243. Google Scholar

Sindicato Labrego Galego (2017) ‘O SLG sae do armario’, Fouce: periódico labrego de información técnica e syndical 316: 8-13, http://www.sindicatolabrego.com/index.php?s=18 (accessed 29 July 2018). Google Scholar

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Author details

Barreto, Danny M.