Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Recepción de La Araucana en el romanticismo inglés: William Hayley y Robert Southey

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2021), 98, (3), 249–267.

Abstract

Estudiamos la recepción de La Araucana en Inglaterra durante la transición de los siglos xviii al xix, un contexto en el que la consolidación del poder imperial británico fue una de las preocupaciones centrales de los escritores y pensadores románticos de pensamiento más radical. Después de describir las circunstancias en las que el poema fue introducido en el ámbito británico, nos centramos en dos obras: Essay on Epic Poetry (1782) de William Hayley, cuya lectura ‘romantizada’ de La Araucana otorgó una amplia popularidad al poema y determina su recepción posterior entre los ingleses, y Madoc de Robert Southey (cuyas primeras versiones circularon en la década de 1790), obra en la que el escritor inglés elaboró y problematizó poéticamente sus reflexiones sobre el colonialismo británico y para quien el poema de Ercilla se convirtió en un modelo épico anti- imperialista.

We study the reception of Alonso de Ercilla y Zuñiga’s sixteenth-century epic poem La Araucana in England during the transition between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a context in which the consolidation of British imperial power was one of the main concerns of the Romantic writers and intellectuals of more radical thought. After describing the circumstances in which the poem was introduced into the British ambit, we focus on two works: William Hayley’s Essay on Epic Poetry (1782), whose ‘romanticized’ reading of La Araucana made the poem widely popular and determined its subsequent reception among the English; and Robert Southey’s Madoc (whose first versions disseminated around the 1790s), a work in which the English writer poetically elaborated and problematized his reflections on British colonialism, and to whom Ercilla’s poem became an anti-imperialistic epic model.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Works cited

Blake, William, 1982. The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake, ed. David Erdman (Londres y Los Angeles: The University of California Press). Google Scholar

Bolton, Carol, 2006. ‘“Green Savannahs” or “savage lands”: Wordsworth’s and Southey’s Romantic America’, in Robert Southey and the Contexts of English Romanticism, ed. Lynda Pratt. (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge), pp. 115-32. Google Scholar

Cokayne, Aston, 2011 [1657] The Obstinate Lady; A New Comedy, etc. (Londres: The British Library, Historical Print Editions). Google Scholar

Ercilla, Alonso de, 2009. La Araucana, ed. Isaías Lerner. (Madrid: Cátedra). Google Scholar

Franklin, Caroline, 2003. ‘The Welsh American Dream: Iolo Morganwg, Robert Southey and the Madoc legend’, in English Romanticism and the Celtic World, ed. Gerard Carruthers and Alan Rawes (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press), pp. 69-84. Google Scholar

Fuchs, Barbara, 2006. ‘Traveling Epic: Translating Ercilla’s La Araucana in the Old World’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 36: 379-95. Google Scholar

Fuchs, Barbara, 2013. ‘Forcible Translation’, en The Poetics of Piracy. Emulating Spain in English Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press), pp. 13-38. Google Scholar

Fulford, Tim, 2008. ‘British Romantics and Native Americans: The Araucanians of Chile’, Studies in Romanticism 47.2: 225-52. Google Scholar

Hayley, William, 1782. An Essay on Epic Poetry (Londres: J. Dodesley). Google Scholar

Heinowitz, Rebecca Cole, 2010. Spanish America and British Romanticism, 1777-1826. Rewriting Conquest (Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press). Google Scholar

Leask, Nigel, 1992. British Romantic Writers and the East. Anxieties of Empire (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press). Google Scholar

Leask, Nigel, 2006. ‘Southey’s Madoc: Reimagining the Conquest of America’, en Robert Southey and the Contexts of English Romanticism, ed. Lynda Pratt. (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge), pp. 133-50. Google Scholar

Lerner, Isaías, 2009. ‘Introducción’, en Alonso de Ercilla. La Araucana, ed. Isaías Lerner. (Madrid: Cátedra), pp. 9-50. Google Scholar

Meachen, Edward, 1979. ‘History and Transcendence in Robert Southey’s Epic Poems’, Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 19.4: 589-608. Google Scholar

Medina, José Toribio, 1916. ‘Retratos de Ercilla’ in La Araucana: vida de Ercilla (Santiago de Chile: Imprenta Elzeviriana), pp. 233-43. Google Scholar

Morínigo, Marcos, 1983. ‘Introducción’, en Alonso de Ercilla. La Araucana, ed. Marcos Morínigo y Isaías Lerner. (Madrid: Castalia), I, pp. 7-92. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1959. ‘Ercilla and England’, en Hispanic Studies in Honour of I. González Llubera (Oxford: Dolphin), pp. 240-48. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1961. ‘Ercilla’s Irish Translator, Henry Boyd’, en Studia Philologica. Homenaje a Dámaso Alonso (Madrid: Gredos), II, pp. 609-19. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1964. ‘Introduction’, en The Historie of Aravcana. Written in verse by Alonso de Ercilla. Translated out of the spanishe into Englishe prose allmost to the Ende of the 16: Canto (Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press), pp. vii-xxi. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1968. La poesía épica del siglo de oro (Madrid: Gredos). Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1982. ‘The Fame of La Araucana’, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 59: 230-36. Google Scholar

Pratt, Lynda, 2006. ‘Introduction’, en Robert Southey and the Contexts of English Romanticism, ed. Lynda Pratt. (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge), pp. xvii-xxix. Google Scholar

Pratt, Lynda, 2010. ‘Revising the National Epic: Coleridge, Southey and Madoc’, Romanticism 2.2: 149-63. Google Scholar

Quint, David, 1993. Epic and Empire (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press). Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1797. Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some Account of Spanish and Portugueze (Bristol: printed by Bulgin and Rosser, for Joseph Cottle, Bristol, and G. G. and J. Robinson, and Cadell and Davies, London). Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1815. Madoc, I and II. 4th ed. (Londres: Longman). Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1837. The poetical works of Robert Southey: with a Memoir (Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin/Cambridge, UK: The Riverside Press), pp. 208-10. Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1849-1851. Common-Place Book (2nd and 4th Series) (London: J. W. Warter). Google Scholar

Swedenberg, H. T., Jr., 1944. The Theory of the Epic in England (1650-1800) (Berkeley y Los Angeles: The University of California Press). Google Scholar

Talbot Dillon, John, 1781. Letters from an English Traveller in Spain, en 1778, on the Origin and Progress of Poetry in that Kingdom: with occasional reflections on manners and customs; and illus. of the romance of Don Quixote, adorned with portraits of the most eminent poets (Londres: Baldwin). Google Scholar

Twiss, Robert, 1775. Travels through Portugal and Spain (In 1772 and 1773) (Londres: Robinson). Google Scholar

Wells, William, 1969. William Blake’s ‘Heads of the Poets’ for Turret House, the Residence of William Hayley, Felpham (Manchester: Manchester City Art Gallery). Google Scholar

Wilkie, Brian, 1965. Romantic Poets and Epic Tradition (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press). Google Scholar

Wilkie, Brian, 1970. ‘Epic Irony in Milton’, in Blake’s Visionary Forms Dramatic, ed. David Erdman and John Grant. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), pp. 359-72. Google Scholar

Wittreich, Joseph Anthony Jr., 1972. ‘Domes of Mental Pleasure: Blake’s Epics and Hayley’s Epic Theory’, Studies in Philology 69.1: 101-29. Google Scholar

Blake, William, 1982. The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake, ed. David Erdman (Londres y Los Angeles: The University of California Press). Google Scholar

Bolton, Carol, 2006. ‘“Green Savannahs” or “savage lands”: Wordsworth’s and Southey’s Romantic America’, in Robert Southey and the Contexts of English Romanticism, ed. Lynda Pratt. (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge), pp. 115-32. Google Scholar

Cokayne, Aston, 2011 [1657] The Obstinate Lady; A New Comedy, etc. (Londres: The British Library, Historical Print Editions). Google Scholar

Ercilla, Alonso de, 2009. La Araucana, ed. Isaías Lerner. (Madrid: Cátedra). Google Scholar

Franklin, Caroline, 2003. ‘The Welsh American Dream: Iolo Morganwg, Robert Southey and the Madoc legend’, in English Romanticism and the Celtic World, ed. Gerard Carruthers and Alan Rawes (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press), pp. 69-84. Google Scholar

Fuchs, Barbara, 2006. ‘Traveling Epic: Translating Ercilla’s La Araucana in the Old World’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 36: 379-95. Google Scholar

Fuchs, Barbara, 2013. ‘Forcible Translation’, en The Poetics of Piracy. Emulating Spain in English Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press), pp. 13-38. Google Scholar

Fulford, Tim, 2008. ‘British Romantics and Native Americans: The Araucanians of Chile’, Studies in Romanticism 47.2: 225-52. Google Scholar

Hayley, William, 1782. An Essay on Epic Poetry (Londres: J. Dodesley). Google Scholar

Heinowitz, Rebecca Cole, 2010. Spanish America and British Romanticism, 1777-1826. Rewriting Conquest (Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press). Google Scholar

Leask, Nigel, 1992. British Romantic Writers and the East. Anxieties of Empire (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press). Google Scholar

Leask, Nigel, 2006. ‘Southey’s Madoc: Reimagining the Conquest of America’, en Robert Southey and the Contexts of English Romanticism, ed. Lynda Pratt. (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge), pp. 133-50. Google Scholar

Lerner, Isaías, 2009. ‘Introducción’, en Alonso de Ercilla. La Araucana, ed. Isaías Lerner. (Madrid: Cátedra), pp. 9-50. Google Scholar

Meachen, Edward, 1979. ‘History and Transcendence in Robert Southey’s Epic Poems’, Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 19.4: 589-608. Google Scholar

Medina, José Toribio, 1916. ‘Retratos de Ercilla’ in La Araucana: vida de Ercilla (Santiago de Chile: Imprenta Elzeviriana), pp. 233-43. Google Scholar

Morínigo, Marcos, 1983. ‘Introducción’, en Alonso de Ercilla. La Araucana, ed. Marcos Morínigo y Isaías Lerner. (Madrid: Castalia), I, pp. 7-92. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1959. ‘Ercilla and England’, en Hispanic Studies in Honour of I. González Llubera (Oxford: Dolphin), pp. 240-48. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1961. ‘Ercilla’s Irish Translator, Henry Boyd’, en Studia Philologica. Homenaje a Dámaso Alonso (Madrid: Gredos), II, pp. 609-19. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1964. ‘Introduction’, en The Historie of Aravcana. Written in verse by Alonso de Ercilla. Translated out of the spanishe into Englishe prose allmost to the Ende of the 16: Canto (Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press), pp. vii-xxi. Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1968. La poesía épica del siglo de oro (Madrid: Gredos). Google Scholar

Pierce, Frank, 1982. ‘The Fame of La Araucana’, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 59: 230-36. Google Scholar

Pratt, Lynda, 2006. ‘Introduction’, en Robert Southey and the Contexts of English Romanticism, ed. Lynda Pratt. (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge), pp. xvii-xxix. Google Scholar

Pratt, Lynda, 2010. ‘Revising the National Epic: Coleridge, Southey and Madoc’, Romanticism 2.2: 149-63. Google Scholar

Quint, David, 1993. Epic and Empire (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press). Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1797. Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal. With some Account of Spanish and Portugueze (Bristol: printed by Bulgin and Rosser, for Joseph Cottle, Bristol, and G. G. and J. Robinson, and Cadell and Davies, London). Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1815. Madoc, I and II. 4th ed. (Londres: Longman). Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1837. The poetical works of Robert Southey: with a Memoir (Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin/Cambridge, UK: The Riverside Press), pp. 208-10. Google Scholar

Southey, Robert, 1849-1851. Common-Place Book (2nd and 4th Series) (London: J. W. Warter). Google Scholar

Swedenberg, H. T., Jr., 1944. The Theory of the Epic in England (1650-1800) (Berkeley y Los Angeles: The University of California Press). Google Scholar

Talbot Dillon, John, 1781. Letters from an English Traveller in Spain, en 1778, on the Origin and Progress of Poetry in that Kingdom: with occasional reflections on manners and customs; and illus. of the romance of Don Quixote, adorned with portraits of the most eminent poets (Londres: Baldwin). Google Scholar

Twiss, Robert, 1775. Travels through Portugal and Spain (In 1772 and 1773) (Londres: Robinson). Google Scholar

Wells, William, 1969. William Blake’s ‘Heads of the Poets’ for Turret House, the Residence of William Hayley, Felpham (Manchester: Manchester City Art Gallery). Google Scholar

Wilkie, Brian, 1965. Romantic Poets and Epic Tradition (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press). Google Scholar

Wilkie, Brian, 1970. ‘Epic Irony in Milton’, in Blake’s Visionary Forms Dramatic, ed. David Erdman and John Grant. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), pp. 359-72. Google Scholar

Wittreich, Joseph Anthony Jr., 1972. ‘Domes of Mental Pleasure: Blake’s Epics and Hayley’s Epic Theory’, Studies in Philology 69.1: 101-29. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

PICÓN, DANIELA