Journal of Romance Studies

From aesthetic idealism to national concerns?

Antonio Machado’s ideological trajectory (1902-1917)

Journal of Romance Studies (2021), 21, (1), 1–30.

Abstract

It has been argued that Antonio Machado was a late-comer to the so-called Generation of ‘98 and that, with his Campos de Castilla of 1912, he belatedly joined the general chorus for reform of his contemporary writers (Azorín, Baroja, etc.) and began to voice concerns with the backwardness of Castilian rural life and ‘the problem of Spain’ already broached earlier by the so-called Generation of ’98. In effect, Campos de Castilla continues much of the style of his earlier work with added realism. Only three poems of the forty-six of the first edition have explicit reference to a concern for Spain’s decline. With detailed reference to the poems, this article argues that the assertion that Machado was involved in the so-called reformist programme of the Generation of ‘98 needs to be called into question and that Machado in the Soria period was less than the reformist critics have claimed him to be.

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Author details

Cardwell, Richard A.