Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

De víctimas a asesinas: el noir doméstico en la narrativa criminal escrita por mujeres

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2022), 99, (1), 19–44.

Abstract

Este artículo estudia la representación de las asesinas en la narrativa criminal escrita por mujeres en España, situándola en el contexto del reciente resurgimiento del noir doméstico. Después de ofrecer una breve aproximación al fenómeno del noir doméstico en la actualidad, el artículo analiza en detalle dos relatos breves publicados en la antología Noves dames del crim (2015), a cargo de Anna Maria Villalonga: ‘La carnissera’ de Gemma Pasqual i Escrivà y ‘Els noms dels animals’ de Rosa Ribas. El objetivo es demostrar que la figura del ama de casa que mata a su marido por los abusos que ha sufrido sugiere un grado de desilusión con el discurso posfeminista y con la ideología de la ‘nueva domesticidad’ -revigorizada en la época de la recesión económica- a la vez que dramatiza una vuelta a los ‘viejos’ postulados del feminismo para abordar las nuevamente visibles, pero siempre existentes, desigualdades sociales.

This article addresses the representation of female assassins in Spanish crime fiction written by women, situating it in the context of the recent resurgence of domestic noir. After briefly commenting on the contemporary domestic noir phenomenon, this article analyses in detail two short stories, published in the collection Noves dames del crim (2015, edited by Anna Maria Villalonga): Gemma Pasqual i Escrivà’s ‘La carnissera’ and Rosa Ribas’s ‘Els noms dels animals’. The aim is to demonstrate that the figure of a housewife who kills her husband because of the abuses she has suffered suggests a degree of female disenchantment with post-feminism and with the recent recession-era retreat to domesticity, and points to a (re)turn to ‘older’ versions of feminism to address the newly visible, but always existent, social inequalities.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Obras citadas

Agra, María Xosé, 2012. ‘Con armas, como armas: la violencia de las mujeres’, Isegoría. Revista de Filosofía Moral y Política 46: 49-74. Google Scholar

Agra, María Xosé, 2015. ‘Violencia(s): hacer correr la sangre’, en Tras la pista: narrativa criminal escrita por mujeres, eds. Elena Losada y Katarzyna Paszkiewicz. (Barcelona: Icaria), pp. 19-39. Google Scholar

Avanzas Álvarez, Elena, 2017. ‘Crímenes, domesticidad y tradición: el domestic noir y su llegada a España’, Oculta Lit, 27 de marzo. www.ocultalit.com/ensayo/crimenes-domesticidad-tradicion-domestic-noir/. Último acceso 28 abril 2021. Google Scholar

Cain, Ruth, 2016. ‘“Just What Kind of Mother Are You?”: Neoliberal Guilt and Privatised Maternal Responsibility in Recent Domestic Crime Fiction’, en We Need to Talk about Family: Essays on Neoliberalism, the Family and Popular Culture, eds. Roberta Garrett, Tracey Jensen y Angie Voela. (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars), pp. 289-311. Google Scholar

Cardi, Coline, y Geneviève Pruvost (coords.), 2012. Penser la violence des femmes (París: La Découverte). Google Scholar

Clover, Carol J., 1992. Men, Women, and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press). Google Scholar

Collin, Françoise, 2006. Praxis de la diferencia: liberación y libertad, ed. lit. Marta Segarra. (Barcelona: Icaria). Google Scholar

Colmeiro, José, 2015. ‘Novela policiaca, novela política’, Lectora: Revista de Dones i Textualitat 21: 15-29. Google Scholar

Coulthard, Lisa, 2007. ‘Killing Bill: Rethinking Feminism and Film Violence’, en Interrogating Postfeminism: Gender and the Politics of Popular Culture, eds. Yvonne Tasker y Diane Negra. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press), pp. 153-75. Google Scholar

Craig-Odders, Renée W., y Jacky Collins (eds.), 2006. Crime Scene Spain: Essays on Post-Franco Crime Fiction (Jefferson, NC: McFarland). Google Scholar

Creed, Barbara, 1993. The Monstrous-Feminine: Film, Feminism, Psychoanalysis (Londres y Nueva York: Routledge). Google Scholar

De Lauretis, Teresa, 2007. Figures of Resistance: Essays in Feminist Theory, ed. Patricia White. (Urbana y Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press). Google Scholar

Flynn, Gillian, 2012. Gone Girl (Nueva York: Crown Publishing). Google Scholar

Friedan, Betty, 1992 [1963]. The Feminine Mystique (Londres: Penguin). Google Scholar

Genz, Stéphanie, 2008. ‘I Am Not a Housewife, but…. Postfeminism and the Revival of Domesticity’, en Feminism, Domesticity and Popular Culture, eds. Stacy Gillis y Joanne Hollows. (Londres: Routledge), pp. 49-62. Google Scholar

Gill, Rosalind, y Christina Scharff (eds.), 2011. New Femininities: Postfeminism, Neoliberalism and Subjectivity (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan). Google Scholar

Giménez Bartlett, Alicia, 1998. ‘Muerte en el gimnasio’, en Historias de detectives, ed. Ángeles Encinar. (Barcelona: Lumen), pp. 199-224. Google Scholar

Godsland, Shelley, 2002. ‘From Feminism to Postfeminism in Women’s Detective Fiction from Spain: The Case of Maria-Antònia Oliver and Alicia Giménez-Bartlett’, Letras Femeninas 28.1: 84-99. Google Scholar

Godsland, Shelley, 2007. Killing Carmens: Women’s Crime Fiction from Spain (Cardiff: University of Wales). Google Scholar

Halberstam, Judith, 1993. ‘Imagined Violence/ Queer Violence: Representation, Rage, and Resistance’, Social Text 37: 187-201. Google Scholar

Hart, Patricia, 1987. The Spanish Sleuth: The Detective in Spanish Fiction (Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press). Google Scholar

Hollows, Joanne, 2006. ‘Can I Go Home Yet? Feminism, Post-Feminism and Domesticity’, en Feminism in Popular Culture, eds. Joanne Hollows y Rachel Moseley. (Oxford: Berg), pp. 97-118. Google Scholar

Joyce, Laura, 2018. ‘Introduction to Domestic Noir’, en Domestic Noir: The New Face of 21st Century Crime Fiction, eds. Laura Joyce y Henry Sutton. (Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 1-7. Google Scholar

Joyce, Laura, y Henry Sutton (eds.), Domestic Noir: The New Face of 21st Century Crime Fiction (Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan). Google Scholar

King, Stewart, 2015. ‘La recuperació de la tradició femenina de la novel·la policíaca clàssica en l’obra criminal de Teresa Solana’, Lectora: Revista de Dones i Textualitat 21: 31-44. Google Scholar

Matchar, Emily, 2013. Homeward Bound: Why Women Are Embracing the New Domesticity (Nueva York: Simon & Schuster). Google Scholar

Molinaro, Nina L., 2002. ‘Writing the Wrong Rites?: Rape and Women’s Detective Fiction in Spain’, Letras Femeninas 28.1: 100-17. Google Scholar

Negra, Diane, 2009. What a Girl Wants?: Fantasizing the Reclamation of Self in Postfeminism (Londres: Routledge). Google Scholar

Pasqual i Escrivà, Gemma, 2015. ‘La carnissera’, en Noves dames del crim, ed. Anna Maria Villalonga. (Barcelona: Llibres del Delicte), pp. 189-98. Google Scholar

Paul, Marcie, 2006. ‘After Eden: Images of the Garden in Alicia Giménez Bartlett’s Petra Delicado Series’, en Crime Scene Spain: Essays on Post-Franco Crime Fiction, ed. Renée W. Craig-Odders y Jacky Collins. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland), pp. 93-117. Google Scholar

Radway, Janice, 1984. Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press). Google Scholar

Redhead, Leigh, 2018. ‘Teenage Kicks: Performance and Postfeminism in Domestic Noir’, en Domestic Noir: The New Face of 21st Century Crime Fiction, eds. Laura Joyce y Henry Sutton. (Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 115-35. Google Scholar

Ribas, Rosa, 2015. ‘Els noms dels animals’, en Noves dames del crim, ed. Anna Maria Villalonga. (Barcelona: Llibres del Delicte), pp. 27-43. Google Scholar

Rincón, Reyes, 2019. ‘El Supremo concluye que La Manada actuó “con pleno conocimiento” de que la victima no consintió’, El País, 5 de julio. elpais.com/sociedad/2019/07/05/actualidad/1562318324_192613.html. Último acceso 22 octubre 2021. Google Scholar

Rowe Karlyn, Kathleen, 2011. Unruly Girls, Unrepentant Mothers: Redefining Feminism on Screen (Austin: University of Texas Press). Google Scholar

Santaulària, Isabel, 2008. ‘Un estudio en negro: la ficción de detectives anglosajona, desde sus orígenes a la actualidad’, en Género y cultura popular, ed. Isabel Clúa. (Bellaterra: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), pp. 65-108. Google Scholar

Sjoberg, Laura, y Caron E. Gentry, 2007. Mothers, Monsters, Whores. Women’s Violence in Global Politics (Londres y Nueva York: Zed Books). Google Scholar

Subirana, Jaume, 1985. ‘Carnisseria’, en Pel viure extrem (Barcelona: Edicions Proa), pp. 45-46. Google Scholar

Tasker, Yvonne, y Diane Negra (eds.), 2007. Interrogating Postfeminism: Gender and the Politics of Popular Culture (Durham, NC: Duke University Press). Google Scholar

Vallejo, Susana, 2013. ‘Un reflex a la mirada’, en Elles també maten, ed. Anna Maria Villalonga. (Barcelona: Llibres del Delicte). Google Scholar

Villalonga, Anna Maria (ed.), 2013. Elles també maten (Barcelona: Llibres del Delicte). Google Scholar

Villalonga, Anna Maria (ed.), 2015. Noves dames del crim (Barcelona: Llibres del Delicte). Google Scholar

Villalonga, Anna Maria, 2017. ‘El relat negre femení en català: per què maten les dones? De la dona defensora a la dona botxí’, en Violència i identitat, eds. Francesco Ardolino i Elena Losada. (Barcelona: Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona), pp. 27-38. Google Scholar

Vosburg, Nancy, y Nina L. Molinaro (eds.), 2017. Spanish and Latin American Women’s Crime Fiction in the New Millennium: From Noir to Gris (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars). Google Scholar

Wager, Jans B., 2005. Dangerous Dames: Women and Representation in the Weimar Street Film and Film Noir (Athens: Ohio University Press). Google Scholar

Weinman, Sarah (ed.), 2013a. Troubled Daughters, Twisted Wives: Stories from the Trailblazers of Domestic Suspense (Nueva York: Penguin). Google Scholar

Weinman, Sarah. 2013b. ‘What is Domestic Suspense?’, Domestic Suspense, domesticsuspense.com/what-is-domestic-suspense/. Último acceso 28 abril 2021. Google Scholar

Wood, Robin, 2012 [1986]. ‘Ideology, Genre, Auteur’, en Film Genre Reader IV, ed. Barry K. Grant. (Austin: University of Texas Press), pp. 78-92. Google Scholar

Young, Natalie, 2014. Season to Taste or How to Eat Your Husband (Londres: Tinder Press). Google Scholar

Filmografía

Basic Instinct. 1992, dir. Paul Verhoeven (Corolco Pictures; Canal+). Google Scholar

The Big Combo. 1955, dir. Joseph H. Lewis (Security Pictures; Theodora Productions). Google Scholar

Body Heat. 1981, dir. Lawrence Kasdan (The Ladd Company). Google Scholar

The Butcher. 2006, dir. Edward Gorsuch (MRG Entertainment; Mainline Releasing). Google Scholar

The Cook, The Thief, His Wife and Her Lover. 1989, dir. Peter Greenaway (AllArts; Elsevier-Vendex Film Beheer). Google Scholar

Halloween. 1978, dir. John Carpenter (Compass International Pictures; Falcon International Productions). Google Scholar

In a Lonely Place. 1950, dir. Nicholas Ray (Santana Pictures). Google Scholar

The Killers. 1946, dir. Robert Siodmak (Mark Hellinger Productions). Google Scholar

Kiss Me Deadly. 1955, dir. Robert Aldrich (Parklane Pictures). Google Scholar

The Last House on the Left. 1972, dir. Wes Craven (Sean S. Cunningham Films; The Night Co.; Lobster Enterprises). Google Scholar

Last Seduction. 1994, dir. John Dahl (ITC). Google Scholar

Laura. 1944, dir. Otto Preminger (Twentieth Century Fox). Google Scholar

Mulholland Falls. 1996, dir. Lee Tamahori (Largo Entertainment; MGM; Polygram). Google Scholar

Out of the Past. 1947, dir. Jacques Tourneur (RKO). Google Scholar

The Phantom Carriage. 1921, dir. Victor Sjöström (Svensk Filmindustri). Google Scholar

The Reckless Moment. 1949, dir. Max Ophüls (Walter Wanger Productions). Google Scholar

The Shining. 1980, dir. Stanley Kubrick (Warner Bros.; Hawk Films, Peregrine). Google Scholar

The Silence of the Lambs. 1991, dir. Jonathan Demme (Strong Heart/ Demme Production; Orion). Google Scholar

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. 1974, dir. Tobe Hooper (Vortex). Google Scholar

Thelma & Louise, 1991, dir. Ridley Scott (Pathé Entertainment; Percy Main). Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

PASZKIEWICZ, KATARZYNA