Modern Believing

Panentheism and Radical Orthodoxies

Modern Believing (2022), 63, (2), 148–154.


This essay outlines the relationship between grace and nature in a form of Augustinian Thomism which has been influential for contemporary radical orthodoxies. The form of Thomism is compared with panentheism to see where there are commonalities, especially with respect to a desire to articulate how the transcendent can also be immanent. After outlining the importance of ontological distinction for this tradition and its account of participation, tensions with panentheism are discerned with respect to whether God and creation are co-dependent and whether creation can affect God. Finally, affinity is suggested concerning a similarity in dynamic accounts of divine life.

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Author details

Bullimore, Matthew J.