Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Carnival and iustitium in Ana María Shua’s ‘Fiestita con animación’

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2022), 99, (6), 569–578.

Abstract

Rejected by the publisher when originally written, the short story ‘Fiestita con animación’, by Ana María Shua provides an allegory of the last Argentine military dictatorship (1976-1983), relating Mikhail Bakhtin’s theory of the carnival or carnivalesque with the legal concept known as the state of exception, as developed by Giorgio Agamben. Specifically, the text offers a subtle representation of enforced disappearance (‘desaparición forzada’) to be interpreted in line with Agamben’s readings on the homo sacer (the sacred man). Consequently, carnival and the state of siege - namely, martial law - are equivalent as a temporary stop on rights or on the law.

El microcuento ‘Fiestita con animación’, de Ana María Shua, rechazado cuando fue escrito originalmente, constituye una alegoría de la dictadura militar argentina (1976-1983). El relato permite relacionar la teoría del carnaval o lo carnavalesco de Mikhail Bakhtin con el concepto jurídico conocido como estado de excepción, desarrollado por Giorgio Agamben. En particular, el texto ofrece una sutil representación sobre la ‘desaparición forzada’ que se puede interpretar de acuerdo con las lecturas de Agamben sobre el homo sacer. En consecuencia, el carnaval y el estado de sitio, es decir, la ley marcial, son equivalentes como suspensión temporal de los derechos individuales o de la ley.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Works cited

Agamben, Giorgio, 1998. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press). Google Scholar

Agamben, Giorgio, 2003. ‘El estado de excepción’, trans. María Rosa Borrás, Mientras Tanto, 86: 57-66. Google Scholar

Agamben, Giorgio, 2005. Estado de excepción. Homo sacer, II, I, trans. Flavia Costa and Ivana Costa. (Buenos Aires: Adriana Hidalgo Editora). Google Scholar

Bakhtin, Mikhail, 1968. Rabelais and his World, trans. Hélène Iswolsky. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press). Google Scholar

Bakhtin, Mikhail, 1989. ‘Las formas del tiempo y del cronotopo en la novela. Ensayos sobre Poética Histórica’, in Teoría y estética de la novela (Madrid: Taurus), pp. 237-409. Google Scholar

Balsdon, John Percy, and Vyvian Dacre, 1969. Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome (New York: McGrawHill). Google Scholar

Benjamin, Walter, 2006. ‘Conversation above the Corso: Recollections of Carnival Time in Nice’, in Selected Writings Volume 3: 1935-1938, ed. Howard Eiland and Michael William Jennings, trans. Edmund Jephcott and Howard Eiland. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), pp. 25-31. Google Scholar

Carroll, Lewis, 1866. ‘A Mad Tea-Party’, Chapter VI in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (London: Macmillan), pp. 95-111. Google Scholar

Carroll, Lewis, 1872. ‘Humpty Dumpty’, Chapter VII in Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (London: Macmillan), pp. 113-36. Google Scholar

Cowell, Frank Richard, 1961. Everyday Life in Ancient Rome (London: Batsford; New York: Putnam). Google Scholar

Díaz, Gwendolyn, 2007. ‘Ana María Shua’, in Women and Power in Argentine Literature: Stories, Interviews, and Critical Essays (Austin: University of Texas Press), pp. 277-305. Google Scholar

Fowler, William Warde, 1969. The Roman Festivals of the Period of the Republic: An Introduction to the Study of the Religion of the Romans (Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press). Google Scholar

Frazer, James George, 1913. The Golden Bough. A Study in Magic and Religion. Part VI. The Scapegoat. Vol. 9. 3rd ed. 12 vols. (London: Macmillan). Google Scholar

García, Mara, 2001. ‘Lo fantástico y el papel femenino en “Altamente improbable de Ana María Shua”’, in El río de los sueños: aproximaciones críticas a la obra de Ana María Shua, ed. Rhonda Dahl Buchanan. (Washington, DC: Agencia Interamericana para la Cooperación y Desarrollo), pp. 241-48. Google Scholar

García, Patricia, and Teresa López-Pellisa (eds), 2019. Fantastic Short Stories by Women Authors from Spain and Latin America: A Critical Anthology (Cardiff: University of Wales Press). Google Scholar

Girard, René, 1977. Violence and the Sacred, trans. Patrick Gregory. (Baltimore, NC: Johns Hopkins University Press). Google Scholar

Plan lectura, 2008. Ana María Shua. Fiestita con animación (Buenos Aires: Ministerio de Educación), planlectura.educ.ar/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Solo-de-noche-Paloma-Fabrykant-Fiestitacon-animaci%C3%B3n-y-Todos-los-no-Ana-Mar%C3%ADa-Shua.pdf. Accessed 8 May 2022. Google Scholar

Romero, Julieta, and Melisa Maina, 2013. ‘No mires qué hay debajo de la cama: La configuración del terror en narrativa juvenil y libros álbumes infantiles argentinos (Período 2000-2012)’, Síntesis, 4: 1-19. revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/sintesis/article/view/12245. Accessed 30 April 2022. Google Scholar

Scerbo, Ignacio, 2014. Leer al desaparecido en la literatura argentina para la infancia (Córdoba, Argentina: Ed. Comunicarte). Google Scholar

Scullard, Howard Hayes, 1981. Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (London: Thames & Hudson). Google Scholar

Showerman, Grant, 1969. Rome and the Romans. A Survey and Interpretation (New York: Cooper Square Publishers). Google Scholar

Shua, Ana María, 1988. ‘Fiestita con animación’, in Viajando se conoce gente (Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana), pp. 119-21. Google Scholar

Todorov, Tzvetan, 1973. The Fantastic. A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre, trans. Richard Howard. (London: Case Western Reserve University). Google Scholar

Versnel, Henk, 1992. ‘Saturnus and the Saturnalia’, in Inconsistencies in Greek and Roman Religion, Transition and Reversal in Myth and Ritual. Vol. 2. (Leiden: Brill), pp. 136-227. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

BARRAZA, VANIA